JavaScript Document emptied Event: The Complete Guide

JavaScript is packed with events that help us interact with web elements and make our pages more dynamic. One of these events is the emptied event. This guide will walk you through everything you need to know about it. We will cover what it is, why it’s useful, where to use it, how to implement it, and when it comes into play. Let’s get started!

What is the emptied Event?

The emptied event in JavaScript is fired when a media element (like <audio> or <video>) suddenly becomes empty. This can happen if the media source is removed or if a network error occurs, causing the media to reset.

Why Use the emptied Event?

Using the emptied event allows you to handle situations where your media element becomes unexpectedly empty. This is useful for providing feedback to users, attempting to reload the media, or logging errors for debugging purposes.

Where Can You Use the emptied Event?

You can use the emptied event with any HTML media element, such as <audio> and <video>. This event is particularly useful for handling media sources and ensuring a smooth user experience even when issues occur.

How to Use the emptied Event

Let’s dive into some examples to see how the emptied event works in different scenarios.

Basic Example

Here’s a simple example to show how the emptied event works with a video element.

HTML
<video id="myVideo" controls>
  <source src="movie.mp4" type="video/mp4" />
  Your browser does not support the video tag.
</video>

<p id="status">Status: Video loaded ✅</p>

<script>
  const video = document.getElementById("myVideo");
  const status = document.getElementById("status");

  video.addEventListener("emptied", () => {
    status.textContent = "Status: Video is empty ❌";
  });
</script>

In this example, when the video element becomes empty, the status message updates.

Example with Audio Element

Let’s see how the emptied event works with an audio element.

HTML
<audio id="myAudio" controls>
  <source src="song.mp3" type="audio/mp3" />
  Your browser does not support the audio element.
</audio>

<p id="audioStatus">Status: Audio loaded ✅</p>

<script>
  const audio = document.getElementById("myAudio");
  const audioStatus = document.getElementById("audioStatus");

  audio.addEventListener("emptied", () => {
    audioStatus.textContent = "Status: Audio is empty ❌";
  });
</script>

In this example, when the audio element becomes empty, the status message updates.

Example with Dynamic Source Change

Let’s see how the emptied event works when you change the media source dynamically.

HTML
<video id="myVideo" controls>
  <source id="videoSource" src="movie.mp4" type="video/mp4" />
  Your browser does not support the video tag.
</video>

<p id="videoStatus">Status: Video loaded ✅</p>
<button id="changeSource">Change Video Source</button>

<script>
  const video = document.getElementById("myVideo");
  const videoSource = document.getElementById("videoSource");
  const videoStatus = document.getElementById("videoStatus");
  const changeSourceButton = document.getElementById("changeSource");

  video.addEventListener("emptied", () => {
    videoStatus.textContent = "Status: Video is empty ❌";
  });

  changeSourceButton.addEventListener("click", () => {
    videoSource.src = "";
    video.load(); // Reload the video element with the empty source
  });
</script>

In this example, clicking the “Change Video Source” button will empty the video source, triggering the emptied event.

When to Use the emptied Event

The emptied event is particularly useful in scenarios where:

  • You need to handle network errors or source removal.
  • You want to provide feedback to users when media elements become empty.
  • You manage dynamic media sources and need to ensure a smooth user experience.

Comparing emptied with Other Media Events

To understand the emptied event better, let’s compare it with other common media events.

EventDescriptionExample Usage
emptiedFired when the media element becomes emptyHandle source errors
loadstartFired when the browser starts looking for the mediaShow loading indicator
canplayFired when the media can start playing without bufferingStart media playback
errorFired when an error occurs while fetching the mediaDisplay error message

Code Examples of Different Events

Here’s how you can use some of these events in your code:

HTML
<video id="myVideo" controls>
  <source src="movie.mp4" type="video/mp4" />
  Your browser does not support the video tag.
</video>

<p id="status">Status: Video not started ⏸️</p>

<script>
  const video = document.getElementById("myVideo");
  const status = document.getElementById("status");

  video.addEventListener("loadstart", () => {
    status.textContent = "Status: Loading video ⏳";
  });

  video.addEventListener("canplay", () => {
    status.textContent = "Status: Video can play ▶️";
  });

  video.addEventListener("emptied", () => {
    status.textContent = "Status: Video is empty ❌";
  });

  video.addEventListener("error", () => {
    status.textContent = "Status: Error loading video ⚠️";
  });
</script>

Conclusion

The emptied event in JavaScript is a powerful tool for managing unexpected changes in media elements. By understanding and using this event, you can create more resilient and user-friendly web applications. Whether you are handling video or audio sources, the emptied event ensures that you can provide feedback and handle errors effectively.

Summary

  • What: The emptied event fires when a media element becomes empty.
  • Why: It helps in handling source errors and providing user feedback.
  • Where: Use it with HTML media elements like <audio> and <video>.
  • How: By adding an event listener for emptied and updating the necessary elements.
  • When: Use it whenever you need to respond to changes in media sources, especially in dynamic or error-prone scenarios.

Feel free to use the examples provided and modify them to suit your needs. Happy coding! 🎉

What are JavaScript Browser Events?

JavaScript browser events are key to creating interactive web applications. These events are actions or occurrences detected by the browser, such as user interactions, document changes, or window modifications. By responding to events like clicks, key presses, and form submissions, developers can enhance user experience and functionality.

This comprehensive list of JavaScript browser events is a valuable reference for developers. It covers a wide range of events, from mouse and keyboard actions to document and window changes. Understanding and handling these events is essential for building responsive and engaging web applications, ensuring a seamless and intuitive user experience.

See List of all JavaScript Browser Events – Cheat Sheet

  • Document events:
    • ended
    • error
    • loadeddata
    • loadedmetadata
    • loadstart
    • pause
    • play
    • playing
    • progress
    • ratechange
    • seeked
    • seeking
    • stalled
    • suspend
    • timeupdate
    • volumechange
    • waiting
    • emptied
    • durationchange
    • cuechange
    • change
    • canplaythrough
    • canplay
    • abort
    • DOMContentLoaded
  • Window events:
    • afterprint
    • beforeprint
    • beforeunload
    • error
    • hashchange
    • load
    • message
    • offline
    • online
    • pagehide
    • pageshow
    • popstate
    • resize
    • scroll
    • storage
    • unload
  • Form events:
    • submit
    • select
    • reset
    • invalid
    • input
    • focus
    • change
    • blur
  • Keyboard events:
    • keyup
    • keypress
    • keydown
  • Mouse events:
    • wheel
    • mouseup
    • mouseover
    • mouseout
    • mousemove
    • mouseleave
    • mouseenter
    • mousedown
    • dblclick
    • contextmenu
    • click

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