JavaScript Window resize Event: The Complete Guide

JavaScript offers many events that help create interactive and dynamic web pages. One essential event is the resize event. This guide will explain everything you need to know about the resize event. We’ll cover what it is, why it’s useful, where to use it, how to implement it, and when it comes into play. Let’s dive in!

What is the resize Event?

The resize event in JavaScript is fired when the document view (window) has been resized. This event is crucial for handling scenarios where you need to adjust the layout or functionality of your web page based on the size of the window.

Why Use the resize Event?

Using the resize event is beneficial because it allows you to execute code whenever the window is resized. This can be useful for responsive design, ensuring that your web page looks and functions correctly on different screen sizes. It enhances the user experience by making interactions more dynamic and adaptable.

Where Can You Use the resize Event?

You can use the resize event on the window object to adjust your web page layout, elements, or functionality when the window size changes. This event is particularly useful in web applications that need to be responsive and adapt to various screen sizes.

How to Use the resize Event

Let’s dive into some examples to see how the resize event works in different scenarios.

Basic Example

Here’s a simple example to show how the resize event works with the window object.

<p id="status">Status: Waiting for window resize ⏳</p>

  window.addEventListener("resize", () => {
    document.getElementById("status").textContent = `Status: Window resized to ${window.innerWidth} x ${window.innerHeight} 🎉`;

In this example, the status message updates with the new window dimensions whenever the window is resized.

Example with Responsive Layout

Let’s see how the resize event works with a responsive layout.

  #container {
    width: 100%;
    padding: 20px;
    transition: background-color 0.5s;
  .small {
    background-color: lightcoral;
  .medium {
    background-color: lightblue;
  .large {
    background-color: lightgreen;
<div id="container">Resize the window to see the background color change!</div>

  const container = document.getElementById("container");

  function updateLayout() {
    const width = window.innerWidth;
    container.classList.remove("small", "medium", "large");
    if (width < 600) {
    } else if (width < 900) {
    } else {

  window.addEventListener("resize", updateLayout);
  updateLayout(); // Initial call to set the layout based on the initial window size

In this example, the background color of the container changes based on the window size, demonstrating a responsive layout.

Example with Dynamic Chart Resizing

Let’s see how the resize event can be used to resize a chart dynamically.

<canvas id="myChart" width="400" height="400"></canvas>

  const ctx = document.getElementById("myChart").getContext("2d");
  const myChart = new Chart(ctx, {
    type: "bar",
    data: {
      labels: ["Red", "Blue", "Yellow", "Green", "Purple", "Orange"],
      datasets: [
          label: "# of Votes",
          data: [12, 19, 3, 5, 2, 3],
          backgroundColor: ["rgba(255, 99, 132, 0.2)", "rgba(54, 162, 235, 0.2)", "rgba(255, 206, 86, 0.2)", "rgba(75, 192, 192, 0.2)", "rgba(153, 102, 255, 0.2)", "rgba(255, 159, 64, 0.2)"],
          borderColor: ["rgba(255, 99, 132, 1)", "rgba(54, 162, 235, 1)", "rgba(255, 206, 86, 1)", "rgba(75, 192, 192, 1)", "rgba(153, 102, 255, 1)", "rgba(255, 159, 64, 1)"],
          borderWidth: 1,
    options: {
      maintainAspectRatio: false,

  function resizeChart() {

  window.addEventListener("resize", resizeChart);

In this example, the chart resizes dynamically based on the window size, ensuring that it remains fully visible and responsive.

When to Use the resize Event

The resize event is particularly useful in scenarios where:

  • You need to adjust the layout or functionality based on window size.
  • You want to ensure your web page is responsive.
  • You need to resize elements dynamically as the window size changes.

Comparing resize with Other Events

To understand the resize event better, let’s compare it with other common events like scroll and orientationchange.

EventDescriptionExample Usage
resizeFired when the window has been resizedAdjust layout, resize elements dynamically
scrollFired when the document view or an element has been scrolledLoad content dynamically, update scroll position
orientationchangeFired when the orientation of the device changesAdjust layout for different device orientations

Code Examples of Different Events

Here’s how you can use some of these events in your code:

<p id="resizeStatus">Resize status: Waiting ⏳</p>
<p id="scrollStatus">Scroll status: Waiting ⏳</p>
<p id="orientationStatus">Orientation status: Waiting ⏳</p>

  window.addEventListener("resize", () => {
    document.getElementById("resizeStatus").textContent = `Resize status: Window resized to ${window.innerWidth} x ${window.innerHeight} 🎉`;

  window.addEventListener("scroll", () => {
    document.getElementById("scrollStatus").textContent = `Scroll status: Scrolled to ${window.scrollY} px 🚀`;

  window.addEventListener("orientationchange", () => {
    document.getElementById("orientationStatus").textContent = `Orientation status: Orientation changed to ${window.orientation} degrees 📱`;


The resize event in JavaScript is a powerful tool for ensuring that your web page adjusts dynamically to different window sizes. By understanding and using this event, you can create more interactive and user-friendly web applications. Whether you are adjusting the layout, resizing elements dynamically, or ensuring your page is responsive, the resize event helps you ensure that your applications work smoothly and effectively.


  • What: The resize event fires when the window has been resized.
  • Why: It helps in adjusting the layout, resizing elements, and ensuring the page is responsive.
  • Where: Use it on the window object to capture window resizing.
  • How: By adding an event listener for resize and handling the necessary actions.
  • When: Use it whenever you need to manage actions triggered by window resizing to improve user experience.

Feel free to use the examples provided and modify them to suit your needs. Happy coding! 🎉

What are JavaScript Browser Events?

JavaScript browser events are key to creating interactive web applications. These events are actions or occurrences detected by the browser, such as user interactions, document changes, or window modifications. By responding to events like clicks, key presses, and form submissions, developers can enhance user experience and functionality.

This comprehensive list of JavaScript browser events is a valuable reference for developers. It covers a wide range of events, from mouse and keyboard actions to document and window changes. Understanding and handling these events is essential for building responsive and engaging web applications, ensuring a seamless and intuitive user experience.

See List of all JavaScript Browser Events – Cheat Sheet

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