JavaScript Window error Event: The Complete Guide

JavaScript is a powerful language used to create interactive web pages. One crucial aspect of JavaScript is handling errors efficiently. The error event in JavaScript is essential for managing errors that occur during script execution. This guide will explain everything you need to know about the error event. We’ll cover what it is, why it’s useful, where to use it, how to implement it, and when it comes into play. Let’s dive in!

What is the error Event?

The error event in JavaScript is fired when a JavaScript runtime error occurs. This event helps in identifying and handling errors gracefully, preventing your application from crashing unexpectedly.

Why Use the error Event?

Using the error event is beneficial because it allows you to capture and handle errors globally. This can be useful for logging errors, showing user-friendly messages, or performing specific actions when an error occurs. It enhances the user experience by making your application more robust and reliable.

Where Can You Use the error Event?

You can use the error event on the window object to capture any errors that occur in your script. This event is particularly useful in web applications that need to handle errors gracefully and provide feedback to users.

How to Use the error Event

Let’s dive into some examples to see how the error event works in different scenarios.

Basic Example

Here’s a simple example to show how the error event works with the window object.

window.addEventListener("error", (event) => {
  console.log(`Error occurred: ${event.message} at ${event.filename}:${event.lineno}:${event.colno} ⚠️`);

// Intentionally causing an error

In this example, an error is intentionally caused, and the error event handler logs the error details.

Example with User Notification

Let’s see how the error event can be used to notify users when an error occurs.

  #errorNotification {
    display: none;
    position: fixed;
    top: 10px;
    right: 10px;
    background-color: lightcoral;
    padding: 10px;
    border-radius: 5px;
    color: white;
<div id="errorNotification">An error occurred! 🚨</div>

  window.addEventListener("error", (event) => {
    const errorNotification = document.getElementById("errorNotification");
    errorNotification.textContent = `Error: ${event.message}`; = "block";

  // Intentionally causing an error

In this example, an error notification is displayed to the user when an error occurs.

Example with Logging Errors to a Server

Let’s see how the error event can be used to log errors to a server for further analysis.

window.addEventListener("error", (event) => {
  fetch("", {
    method: "POST",
    headers: {
      "Content-Type": "application/json",
    body: JSON.stringify({
      message: event.message,
      filename: event.filename,
      lineno: event.lineno,
      colno: event.colno,
    .then((response) => {
      console.log("Error logged successfully 🚀");
    .catch((error) => {
      console.error("Failed to log error", error);

// Intentionally causing an error

In this example, error details are sent to a server for logging and analysis.

When to Use the error Event

The error event is particularly useful in scenarios where:

  • You need to capture and handle JavaScript runtime errors globally.
  • You want to log errors to a server for analysis.
  • You need to notify users about errors in a user-friendly manner.
  • You want to prevent your application from crashing unexpectedly due to unhandled errors.

Comparing error with Other Events

To understand the error event better, let’s compare it with other common events like unhandledrejection and DOMContentLoaded.

EventDescriptionExample Usage
errorFired when a JavaScript runtime error occursHandle and log runtime errors, notify users
unhandledrejectionFired when a promise is rejected and no rejection handler is presentHandle and log unhandled promise rejections
DOMContentLoadedFired when the initial HTML document has been completely loadedExecute scripts that manipulate the DOM

Code Examples of Different Events

Here’s how you can use some of these events in your code:

<p id="errorStatus">Error status: Waiting ⏳</p>
<p id="rejectionStatus">Rejection status: Waiting ⏳</p>
<p id="domStatus">DOM status: Waiting ⏳</p>

  window.addEventListener("error", (event) => {
    document.getElementById("errorStatus").textContent = `Error status: Error "${event.message}" occurred at ${event.filename}:${event.lineno} ⚠️`;

  window.addEventListener("unhandledrejection", (event) => {
    document.getElementById("rejectionStatus").textContent = `Rejection status: Unhandled rejection "${event.reason}" ⚠️`;

  document.addEventListener("DOMContentLoaded", () => {
    document.getElementById("domStatus").textContent = "DOM status: Content loaded! 🌟";

  // Intentionally causing an error and an unhandled promise rejection
  Promise.reject("Promise rejection error");


The error event in JavaScript is a powerful tool for handling JavaScript runtime errors and preventing unexpected crashes in your application. By understanding and using this event, you can create more robust and user-friendly web applications. Whether you are logging errors to a server, notifying users, or handling errors gracefully, the error event helps you ensure that your applications work smoothly and effectively.


  • What: The error event fires when a JavaScript runtime error occurs.
  • Why: It helps in handling and logging runtime errors, notifying users, and preventing application crashes.
  • Where: Use it on the window object to capture any errors that occur in your script.
  • How: By adding an event listener for error and handling the necessary actions.
  • When: Use it whenever you need to manage actions triggered by JavaScript runtime errors to improve user experience.

Feel free to use the examples provided and modify them to suit your needs. Happy coding! 🎉

What are JavaScript Browser Events?

JavaScript browser events are key to creating interactive web applications. These events are actions or occurrences detected by the browser, such as user interactions, document changes, or window modifications. By responding to events like clicks, key presses, and form submissions, developers can enhance user experience and functionality.

This comprehensive list of JavaScript browser events is a valuable reference for developers. It covers a wide range of events, from mouse and keyboard actions to document and window changes. Understanding and handling these events is essential for building responsive and engaging web applications, ensuring a seamless and intuitive user experience.

See List of all JavaScript Browser Events – Cheat Sheet

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